Records for the Field Offices for the State of North Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865 - 1872, Asheville

Dublin Core

Title

Records for the Field Offices for the State of North Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865 - 1872, Asheville

Description

The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, also known as the Freedmen's Bureau, was established in the War Department by an act of Congress on March 3, 1865 (13 Stat. 507). The life of the Bureau was extended twice by acts of July 16, 1866 (14 Stat. 173), and July 6, 1868 (15 Stat. 83). The Bureau was responsible for the supervision and management of all matters relating to refugees and freedmen, and of lands abandoned or seized during the Civil War. In May 1865, President Andrew Johnson appointed Maj. Gen. Oliver Otis Howard as Commissioner of the Bureau, and Howard served in that position until June 30, 1872, when activities of the Bureau were terminated in accordance with an act of June 10, 1872 (17 Stat. 366). While a major par of the Bureau's early activities involved the supervision of abandoned and confiscated property, its mission was to provide relief and help freedmen become self-sufficient. Bureau officials issues rations and clothing, operated hospitals and refugees camps, and supervised labor contracts. In addition, the Bureau managed apprenticeship disputes and complaints, assisted benevolent societies in the establishment of schools, helped freedmen in legalizing marriages entered into during slavery, and provided transportation to refugees and freedment who were attempting to reunite with their family or relocate to other parts of the country. The Bureau also helped black soldiers, sailors, and their heirs collect bounty claims, pensions, and back pay.

Creator

Records for the Field Offices for the State of North Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865 - 1872, Asheville (agent)

Source

National Archives and Records Administration Microfilm Publications

Copyright for digital images is retained by the donor, FamilySearch International.

Publisher

Western North Carolina Historical Association

Date

1866-1869

Rights

The materials on this site are available for private reflection, research, and fair use purposes.

Freedmen's Bureau Digital Collection, 1865–1872, is a product of and owned by the National Museum of African American History and Culture, Smithsonian Institution.

Copyright for digital images is retained by the donor, FamilySearch International; permission for commerical use of the digital images may be requested from FamilySearch International, Intellectual Property Office, at: cor-intellectualproperty@ldschurch.org.

Format

PDF

Language

English

Type

Text

Coverage

United States--North Carolina--Buncombe County--Asheville; 1866-1869

Text Item Type Metadata

Text

Contents
Subordinate Field Offices (Asheville)
Letters Sent
The two volumes of letters sent, May–July 1866 and July 1867–September 1868, 1 (236) and 2 (65), are arranged chronologically and have name indexes. Volume 1 (236) also contains a register of vouchers received at Salisbury, North Carolina (February 1867–August 1868).

Endorsements
The single volume of endorsements, August 1867–October 1868 (66), is arranged chronologically.

Register of Letters Received
The single-volume register of letters received, July 1867–October 1868 (64), is arranged alphabetically by the initial letter of the surname of the correspondent and thereunder chronologically.

Letters Received
Unbound letters received, February–November 1866 and July 1867–February 1868, are arranged chronologically.

Letters Received from the Assistant Commissioner and His Staff
Unbound letters received from the Assistant Commissioner and his staff, July 1867–July 1869, are arranged chronologically by the date of the last endorsement.

General and Special Orders Received
Unbound general and special orders received, May–July 1866 and June 1867, are arranged chronologically.

Circulars Received
Unbound circulars received, February–September 1866, are arranged chronologically.

Reports of Indentures Made and Canceled
Unbound reports of indentures made and canceled, January–April 1868, are arranged chronologically.

Patrick E. Murphy (Assistant Superintendent)
May - November 1866

Oscar Eastmond (Agent)
July 1867 - September 1868

Original Format

The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (often called the Freedmen’s Bureau) was created in 1865 at the end of the American Civil War to supervise relief efforts including education, health care, food and clothing, refugee camps, legalization of marriages, employment, labor contracts, and securing back pay, bounty payments and pensions. These records include bound volumes and unbound records, including letters and endorsements sent and received, account books, applications for rations, applications for relief, court records, labor contracts, registers of bounty claimants, registers of complaints, registers of contracts, registers of disbursements, registers of freedmen issued rations, registers of patients, reports, rosters of officers and employees, special and general orders and circulars received, special orders and circulars issued, records relating to claims, court trials, property restoration, and homesteads. 

These records are part of the Records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, Record Group (RG) 105.

Files

Collection

Reference

Records for the Field Offices for the State of North Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865 - 1872, Asheville (agent) 1866-1869, Records for the Field Offices for the State of North Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865 - 1872, Asheville, Western North Carolina Historical Association

Cite As

Records for the Field Offices for the State of North Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865 - 1872, Asheville (agent), “Records for the Field Offices for the State of North Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865 - 1872, Asheville,” Western North Carolina Historical Association, accessed May 17, 2022, https://wnchistory.omeka.net/items/show/81.